Appendix 1

Larry Kleinman (PCUN), second from the left, together with a group of successful legalization applicants (1987). Courtesy of Larry Kleinman.

Author Interviews: A complete list of interviews conducted by the author in researching this book can be obtained by clicking here.

Appendix 2

Timeline: A history of the genesis and enactment of the Immigration Reform and Control Act can be obtained here.

Appendix 3

Related Documents: Some documents, especially those from NCLR that are in the author’s possession but may not be in the public domain are available by clicking on the links below. Inasmuch as many of the documents are “copies of old copies,” apologies in advance for their appearance. Check back for additional postings as new links will be added periodically.

  • Early NCLR testimony opposing employer sanctions is linked here. (Discussed at pp. 63-65.)
  • NCLR’s testimony in the Senate in support of legalization in 1981 can be found here, while its House testimony in 1982 is here. (Discussed at pp. 63-65 and referring to hearings held just before markups beginning on p. 102.)
  • In Immigration Reform: An Appeal to Common Sense, an edited version of which was published by the Washington Post, NCLR (now UnidosUS) President Raul Yzaguirre explains why Hispanic and civil rights leaders were opposed to the 1983 immigration bill and what should be included in reform legislation. (Discussed at p. 180 of the book.)
  • This Issue Brief coauthored by NCLR’s Martha Escutia, defends labor law enforcement as more effective than employer sanctions in deterring and reducing incentives for hiring of unauthorized immigrants. (The issue was first raised in the context of proposed Roybal legislation at p. 180 of the book.)
  • NCLR’s House 1985 testimony on IRCA, demonstrating a more “forward lean” on this version of the bill compared to its predecessors, can be found here (Discussed at p. 257 of the book.)
  • A 1985 evaluation of NCLR’s policy analysis center commissioned by the Rockefeller Foundation that boosted the organization’s stature at a critical time is listed here (Described at p. 264 of the book.)
  • NCLR Issue Brief on safe haven for Salvadorans authored by Dan Purtell is linked here (Discussed at p. 272-73 of the book.)
  • Evidence that lengthier-than-expected sequential referrals to new committees of the House that hadn’t previously exercised jurisdiction over the bill can be found here in testimony that focuses heavily on the INS SAVE program (NCLR’s role on SAVE is noted at p. 280, while the procedural issue is discussed at page 284 of the book.)
  • The full text of NCLR’s statement on final passage of IRCA was reprinted in a number of weekly newspapers. (Discussed at p. 297 of the book.)
  • NCLR’s testimony on IRCA’s early implementation is linked here. (Discussed at p. 311 of the book.)
  • The ineffectiveness of, and employment discrimination found by the General Accounting Office resulting from, employer sanctions was predicted by many of its critics, including NCLR here. (Discussion of the ineffectiveness of employer sanctions is at 357-59, while GAO findings are described at pp. 359-60 of the book.)